Ethics Opinion 145NEW YORK STATE BAR ASSOCIATION Professional Ethics Committee Opinion
Opinion #145 – 07/02/1970 (28-70)
Topic: Appearance of impropriety; Conflict of Interest; Confidences of Client
Digest: Office holder should abstain from participating in a matter handled by his former law firm when he had been a firm member
adverse interests, appearance, city council member, confidences, conflict of interests, legislature, part-time public official, secrets
Code: Canon 9, EC 4-5, 4-6, 5-1, 9-2, 5-14; 5-15, DR 4-101
A lawyer is an elected member of a City Council and a partner in a law firm in that city. A corporate client of his law firm sought a franchise from the City Council to operate in the City and the lawyer abstained from voting on grounds of a conflict of interest. A franchise was granted to his firm’s client, however, as a result of the Council’s vote. A motion to rescind the franchise is about to be brought to a vote in the Council and the lawyer, who will have left his present firm when the issue of rescission comes to the floor for a vote, has asked whether in view of the change of his relationship to the client, he is still ethically bound to abstain from voting. As a partner of his law firm, the lawyer has been privy to confidential. information concerning the client. in general and privy to specific and confidential information material to litigation which has arisen as a result of the original grant of the franchise to the client.
A lawyer holding public office has a duty to abstain from voting or otherwise participating tn a matter in which his firm was involved at a time when he was a member of the firm, irrespective of whether the client had been represented by him or by one of his partners or associates. The lawyer’s withdrawal from the firm or termination of the attorney-client relationship does not free him from any ethical obligations to which he would otherwise have been subject.Canon 9 provides that “[a] lawyer should avoid even the appearance of professional impropriety.” EC 9-2 recognizes that “a lawyer should determine his conduct by acting in a manner that promotes public confidence in the integrity of the legal system and the legal profession.”It would be violative of these two principles for the lawyers not to disqualify himself from participating in the decision under the circumstances set forth in the question.Furthermore, a lawyer should not undertake to act as a public official in a matter which might require him to utilize confidential information received from a former client or to which he was privy as a member of the firm representing the client. EC 5-1 provides:”The professional judgment of a lawyer should be exercised, within the bounds of the law, solely for the benefit of his client and free of compromising influences and loyalties. Neither his personal interests, the interests of other clients, nor the desires of third persons should be permitted to dilute his loyalty to his client.”A lawyer’s obligation “to preserve the confidences and secrets of his client continues after the termination of his employment.” EC 4-6 (See also EC 4-5, DR 4-101 and EC 5-14 and 5-15).