Ethics Opinion 186NEW YORK STATE BAR ASSOCIATION Professional Ethics Committee Opinions
Opinion #186 – 04/28/1971 (2-71)
appearance, contributions by, judges, judicial campaigns
Topic: Judicial Candidates Campaign Expenses
Digest: Not improper to make reasonable contribution to judicial candidate’s campaign committee
Code: EC 9-6, DR 9-101 (C), Canons of Jud. Ethics 30, 32
May a lawyer make a contribution to a judicial candidate’s campaign fund?
The propriety of a contribution to a judicial candidate’s campaign fund depends upon all the attendant circumstances. A lawyer must refrain from making contributions that might justify the inference that the contribution is a device or attempt to gain from a judge special personal consideration or favor. N.Y. County 304.It is not improper for a lawyer to contribute to a judicial candidate’s campaign fund provided (a) the contribution is reasonable in amount; (b) the contribution is made to a campaign committee rather than to the candidate personally; and (c) he is assured that the identity of the contributors is not disclosed to the candidate. See ABA 226 (1941); N.Y. State 94 (1968). Disclosure to the candidate of the identity of contributors may create the impression that if elected he may administer his office with bias, partiality or improper discrimination.Candidates for judicial office, as well as lawyers in general, have a duty to avoid the appearance of impropriety. EC 9-6; DR 9-101(C). See also Canons of Judicial Ethics 30, 32. In connection with support by lawyers of judicial candidates in general see N.Y. State 11 (1965); N.Y. State 12 (1965).