NYSBA Ethics Opinion 08NEW YORK STATE BAR ASSOCIATION Professional Ethics Committee Opinion
Opinion #8 – 01/29/1965 (8-64)
bank, conflict of, consent, dual representation, legal fees, mortgage, multiple representation, real estate, representation
Topic: Conflict of Interest, Minimum Fee Schedule, Representing Mortgagor and Mortgagee
Digest: Under certain circumstances, lawyer may properly charge less than minimum fee and may represent both buyer mortgagor and mortgagee lending institution
Canons: Former Canons 6, 7, 12
A prospective buyer of real property obtains a mortgage from a lending institution and the attorney representing the mortgagee lending institution also represented the prospective purchaser. In so representing both the lending institution and the prospective purchaser, he charged the prospective purchaser a fee less than the minimum fee prescribed by the local County Bar Association. When questioned about this, the bank attorney stated the reason he charged less than the minimum to the prospective buyer was the fact that he, as bank attorney, was receiving the minimum fee from the bank for the title examination and for representing the bank.In short, the problem is, is it ethical for an attorney to represent a buyer mortgagor and the mortgagee lending institution in the same transaction; and furthermore; what are the ethical aspects or an attorney’s cutting the schedule of minimum fees?
Since the facts are silent in several specific areas, our opinion must make certain assumptions. We assume (a) that the prospective purchaser was under no compulsion or requirement to utilize the services of the bank’s attorney; (b) that the proposed fee is not in fact considered excessive; (c) that said proposed fee has not been dictated by the bank but was established by the bank’s attorney; (d) that in handling the proposed transaction, the bank’s attorney has fully disclosed his relationship with the bank to the prospective purchaser; and (e) that in fact the interest of the bank and the prospective purchaser are not adverse to each other. (See Opinions of The Association of the Bar 131, 141, 363.)Also, we may assume that no problem is involved indicating the bank’s attorney to have improperly superseded the regular attorney of the prospective purchaser, (See Canons 6 and 7 of the New York Bar Association; Drinker, Legal Ethics, pages 190-191.)Absent the foregoing, it is the opinion of a majority of this. Committee that under the facts presented, it is proper for:(a) the same attorney to represent both buyer-mortgagor and mortgagee lending institution in the same transaction. (Canon 6 New York State Bar Association Code of Ethics; Drinker, Legal Ethics, p. 1.21); and(b) the attorney to depart from the fees established in a schedule of minimum fees. In this connection, said attorney should, under all circumstances, be guided by Canon 12 which sets forth the factors to be considered in fixing fees. Minimum fee schedules are guidelines but not a mandate and in this connection, this Committee reaffirms the opinion of the Committee on Professional Ethics of the New York State Bar Association, Opinion 5-64. (See also Canon 12, sub-paragraph 3; Drinker, Professional Ethics, pages 173 and 175.)